Nepal is known as the Unique Himalayan country in the world. Nepalese People celebrate many festivals around the year. National holidays have fixed dates but religious festivals are celebrated according to the Nepali Calendar as Bikram Sambat (B.S.).
The major festivals are below. Festivals in Nepal influenced has always the core of Nepali traditional culture. Festivals are manifestations of the cultural sensibility of any particular society at its beat. Festivals, through acts and performance of rites and rituals and rituals. it also helps in strengthening familial and societal ties by way of gathering, merry-making, and socializing.
Most Celebrate festivals in Nepal
Sherpas and Tibetans welcome their New Year with feasts, family visits and dancing. Families put on their finest clothes and jewelry and exchange gifts. Buddhist monks in thanks offer prayers for good health and prosperity, and perform dances at the monasteries. Colorful prayer flags decorate streets and rooftops, and the colors seem especially brilliant at the Bouddha and Swayambhu stupas.
Holi (Fagu Poornima)
Holi is known as Color festivals. This festivals celebrate in Nepal and India. The Holi celebrates the death of the demonizes Holika. This wicked woman, who was supposed to be invulnerable to fire, tried many times to kill her nephew, an ardent devotee of lord Vishnu. In the end she put the boy on her lap and set fire beneath them, thinking he would be burned up and she would escape. But instead the boy remained unharmed and Holika, to her surprise, immolated herself. The rites of this festival celebrate her end.
Hindus celebrate Dashain twice a year in Nepal. Chaite Dashain is one of these. The most public of the ceremonies are the ritual animal sacrifices performed by the army in the courtyard of the police station at Hanuman Dhoka. This commences from 8:00 a.m. and is performed before the banners and insignia of various military units. Goats and buffaloes are the victims, beheaded by a single stroke of the sword. In previous years anyone in the audience could volunteer to dispatch one of the animals, but this custom has lapsed. Western visitors are slowed to view from a balcony overlooking the courtyard, with a splendid view of all the gore. The rites last about two hours and are concluded after the military commander smears each of the banners with the sacrificial blood.
The great festival of Nepal, The dashain is a time of family reunion,the exchange of gifts and blessings, ritual bathing and animal sacrifices. The Dashai honors the goddess Durga, was created out of the shakti energy of all the gods, armed with weapons from each of them. Goddess Durga, symbolizing valor and prowess, is worshiped and offered animal sacrifices for the devotees’ progress prosperity.
Specifically we celebrate ten days as Ghatasthapan, phool pati, mahaastami, nawami and vijaya dasami are series of the events under dashain. On Dasmi, men and women in their refineries visit their elders to tika (a dab of red vermilion mixed with yogurt and rice). Sword processions are also held in various part of the Kathmandu valley.the last day known as kojagrat purnima, is the full moon. Onwards Hindu woman being a month – long fast, many in residence at pasupatnath. New clothes visits, grand feasts, kite flying and village swings are the highlight of dashain.
This festival is known as Light festivals in Nepal. The calibrations being with the adoration of cows and dogs. Leaf dishes of rice, incense and light are set out for the dark messenger, while dogs are worshiped and offered goodies. In the period of Tihar laxmi, the goddess of wealth is worshiped. Rows of lamps are placed on windows and doors, with the strong hop that laxmi, the goddess of wealth is worshiped. Rows of lamp are placed on windows and door with strong hop the laxmi pleased to reside in light. The following day belong to the cow, representative of laxmi. Laxmi pooja, Govardhan puja and Bhai tika are the series of event under tihar. In the day of Bhai tika sister and brothers get together and accept tika from each other. This day is called brothers day. Brother and sister honor each other on this day and sister pray to yama, the god of death, for their brother’s progress, prosperity and longevity.